Tuesday, December 28, 2004

Countries with major earthquakes

Dear mouse,

Richter scale measures the intensity of earthquakes and categorizes them to great to very minor earthquakes. (see my previous post.

Bayi sent me these data :

The Richter Scale measuring earthquakes.

0 to 1.9 Can be detected only by a seismograph.

2 to 2.9 Hanging objects may vibrate or swing.

3 to 3.9 Comparable to the vibrations of a passing truck.

4 to 4.9 May break windows, cause small and unstable objects to fall.

5 to 5.9 Furniture moves, chunks of plaster falls from walls.

6 to 6.9 Damage to well-built structures, severe damage to poorly built ones.

7 to 7.9 Buildings displaced from foundations; cracks in the earth;underground pipes broken.

8 to 8.9 Bridges destroyed, few structures left standing.

9 to 9.9 Near total destruction; naked eyes can see shockwaves moving through the earth.

Source: AFP

Below were the major and strong earthquakes that ranged from 7 to 7.9 and 6 to 6.9:

United States

1812 New Madrid, Missouri n/a 7.9

1857 Fort Tejon, California n/a 7.9

1868 Island of Hawaii n/a 7.9

1900 Kodiak Island, Alaska n/a 7.9

1987 Gulf of Alaska n/a 7.9

2002 Central Alaska n/a 7.9

1872 Owens Valley, California n/a 7.8

2003 Rat Islands, Aleutian Islands n/a 7.8

1892 Imperial Valley, California n/a 7.8

1811 New Madrid, Missouri n/a 7.7

906 San Francisco, California n/a 7.7

1915 Pleasant Valley, Nevada n/a 7.7

1812 New Madrid, Missouri n/a 7.6

1992 Landers, California n/a 7.6

1952 Kern County, California n/a 7.6

1927 West of Lompoc, California n/a 7.3

1954 Dixie Valley, Nevada n/a 7.3

1959 Hebgen Lake, Montana n/a 7.3

1812 New Madrid, Missouri n/a 7.3

1999 Southern California,n/a 7.2

2001 Kodiak Island region, Alaska,n/a 7.1

1999 Kodiak Island region, Alaska,n/a 7.0

2003 Rat Islands, Aleutian Islands, Alaska n/a 7.0

Indonesia

2000 Sumatra, Indonesia n/a 7.9

1998 Ceram Sea, near Indonesia n/a 7.8

2000 Minahassa Peninsula,Sulawesi, Indonesia n/a 7.6

1999 Molucca Sea, Indonesia n/a 7.6

2002 Irian Jaya, Indonesia n/a 7.6

2002 Sumatra, Indonesia n/a 7.4

2001 Southern Sumatera, Indonesia n/a 7.4

2004 Southern Sumatra, Indonesia n/a 7.3

2004 south coast of Papua, Indonesia n/a 7.3

1999 Celebes Sea, Indonesia n/a 7.1

1998 Banda Sea, near Indonesia n/a 7.0

2003 Halmahera, Indonesia n/a 7.0

2004 Papua, Indonesia n/a 7.0

Papua New Guinea

2002 Papua New Guinea n/a 7.6

2000 New Ireland, Papua New Guinea n/a 7.6

2000 New Ireland, Papua New Guinea n/a 7.5

1999 New Britain, Papua New Guinea n/a 7.4

1999 New Britain, Papua New Guinea n/a 7.1

1999 New Britain, Papua New Guinea n/a 7.1

1998 Papua New Guinea n/a 7.1

1999 New Britain, Papua New Guinea n/a 7.0

1999 New Ireland, Papua New Guinea n/a 7.0

Japan

2000 Volcano Islands, Japan region n/a 7.6

2004 the south coast of Honshu, Japan n/a 7.4

2003 Hokkaido, Japan n/a 7.4

2000 Bonin Islands, Japan Region n/a 7.3

2004 the south coast of western Honshu, Japan n/a 7.2

1995 Japan: 5,100 killed 7.2.

2004 Honshu, Japan n/a 7.0

2003 Honshu, Japan n/a 7.0

1998 Bonnin Islands, Japan n/a 7.0

Philippines

1897 Philippines n/a 7.5

1918 Mindanao, Philippines n/a 7.6

1976 Mindanao, Philippines n/a 7.9

2002 Mindanao, Philippines n/a 7.5

1990 Luzon, Philippines n/a 7.8

2002 Mindanao, Philippines n/a 7.5

1999 Luzon, Philippines n/a 7.3

Vanuatu Islands

1999 Vanuatu n/a 7.5

2002 Vanuatu Islands n/a 7.3

2001 Vanuatu Islands n/a 7.0

2001 Vanuatu Islands n/a 7.1

Fiji

2002 South of Fiji Islands n/a 7.7

2002 Fiji Islands n/a 7.6

2004 Fiji Region n/a 7.1

1998 Fiji Islands region n/a 7.2

Russia

2003 Southwestern Siberia, Russia n/a 7.4

2002 E. Russia-N.E. China Border Region n/a 7.3

1999 E. Russia-N.E. China Border Region n/a 7.1

Turkey

1999 Izmit, Turkey: 17,000 7.4 quake

1999 Ducze, Turkey: 700 7.2 quake

1999 Bolu Province, northwest Turkey 7.2 quake

New Zealand

2001 Kermadec Islands, New Zealand n/a 7.2

2003 South Island, New Zealand n/a 7.2

2001 East of North Island, N.Z. n/a 7.0

S. Pacific Sea

1998 Loyalty Islands region (S. Pacific Sea) n/a 7.4

1999 Santa Cruz Islands (S. Pacific Sea) n/a 7.3

1998 Santa Cruz Islands (S. Pacific Sea) n/a 7.1

Taiwan

2002 Taiwan region n/a 7.1

1999 central Taiwan:2,295 severe 7.7

1998 Southeast of Taiwan n/a 7.4

Indian Ocean

2000 South Indian Ocean n/a 7.8

2003 Carlsberg Ridge, Indian Ocean n/a 7.6

1999 South Indian Ocean n/a 7.0

Peru

1970 Peru 66,000 7.9

2001 Near coast of Peru n/a 7.6

India

2001 Bhuj, India: 20,000 people 7.7

2001 Gujarat, India n/a 7.7

Iran

1990 Iran, Gilan 35,000 7.7

2003 Bam, Iran: 30,000 6.6

China

2001 Qinghai-Xinjiang, China n/a 7.8

1932 Gansu 70,000 7.6

Mexico

2003 Colima, Mexico n/a 7.6

1999 Oaxaca, Mexico n/a 7.4

Chile

1998 Off coast, southern Chile n/a 7.0

1998 Near coast, northern Chile n/a 7.0

Turkmenistan

1948 Turkmenistan 110,000 7.3

2000 Turkmenistan n/a 7.0

New Caledonia

2003 Southeast of the Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia n/a 7.3

2004 Southeast of the Loyalty Islands, New Caledonia n/a 7.1

Mariana Islands

2002 Mariana Islands 7.1 n/a 7.1

2002 South of Mariana Islands n/a 7.0

Argentina

2000 Jujuy Province, Argentina n/a 7.2

2000 Santiago del Estero Province, Argentina n/a 7.0

Columbia

1988 Armenia: 25,000, 6.9

1999 Armenia, Colombia: 1,185 6.2 earthquake.

Afghanistan

2002Hindu Kush region, Afghanistan n/a 7.4

2002 Afghanistan: 1,000 6.1 in magnitude

Ecuador

1988 Near coast of Ecuador 7.7

Balleny Islands

1988 Balleny Islands region n/a 7.1

Central America

2001 Off coast of Central America n/a 7.7

Tonga Islands

2000 Tonga Islands n/a 7.2

Solomon Islands

2003 Solomon Islands n/a 7.3

Algeria

2003 Northern Algeria: 2,266 6.8

Australia

2001 South of Australia n/a 7.1

Pakistan

1935 Pakistan, Quetta 30,000 to 60,000 7.5

Kuril Islands

2002 Northwest of Kuril Islands n/a 7.3

El Salvador

2001 El Salvador:850 7.7

Canada

2003 Scotia Sea, Canada n/a 7.5

Banda Sea

2001 Banda Sea n/a 7.5

Brazil

2003 Amazonas, Brazil n/a 7.1

n/a 7.3

Molucca Sea

2001 Northern Molucca Sea n/a 7.1

Italy

1908 Italy, Messinaest 70,000 to 100,000 7.2

The Ca t

6 Comments:

At 3:38 PM, Blogger ting-aling said...

There was one in 1990 that hit Baguio City. It was a very destructive one.

 
At 3:59 PM, Blogger Dr. Emer said...

Nakakayanig naman ang research mo, Cath. Hope it does not happen here or there. I know you are also treading on shaky ground. Enough of this. Enjoy the holidays! Ingat ka dyan. :)

 
At 4:24 PM, Blogger cathcath said...

Ting,
nakuha ko. you will be surprised that the Phils was not included among countries with major and very devastating earthquakes in some info. Got to gather from other sources in order to find what country is the most susceptible to killer earthquakes.

Indonesia, however recorded numerous major earthquakes as well as Japan and Png.

US and Russia must have registered strong earthquakes too but the casualties were not as high as those in China and Iran.

tenks doc.

 
At 10:10 PM, Blogger kiwipinay said...

I remember the collapse of Ruby Tower in Binondo Manila in August of 1968. It was intensity 7+.

http://www.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/Earthquake/1968CasiguranEQ/casiguran.html

and some photos here:

http://www.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/Earthquake/1968CasiguranEQ/ruby.html

 
At 7:44 AM, Blogger cathcath said...

tenks K.

I found out that the reason why it was not included must be because the scale they used was not richter.

 
At 1:54 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

wow
this is crazyyyyyyyyy i didnt think this was that interesting
bi the way inm 16!!!
my myspace is www.myspace.com/lisalubsu

 

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